Monthly Archives: November 2013

Benedikt Sobotka made a stand against child labour at cobalt mines

Benedikt Sobotka: We have a responsibility towards children in countries where we extracts recycleables for your batteries industry.

Hydrocarbons remain the key source of energy in 2019. Nevertheless, people in developed countries are increasingly choosing electric cars, as petrol and diesel engines emit carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and pollute the air with nitrogen and sulphur compounds. The number of electric cars will are as long as 130 million towards the end of 2030 each home and office may use smart devices ran by batteries. Oslo, Hamburg, Copenhagen, Paris, London, Madrid already stated that they will ban all vehicles working on petrol or diesel fuel in central areas. The way situations are going, batteries will replace the environmentally damaging coal and oil as fuel sources.

Minerals for batteries have to be extracted and processed with robust safety standards, proper working conditions, norms for responsible extraction and business ethics in mind.

Global social responsibility

Take, for instance, cobalt. Over two thirds of cobalt are extracted inside the Democratic Republic with the Congo. Cobalt mining brings a lot of employment for people all over DRC but a substantial percentage could be tainted by illegal child labour.

In 2017, world leading companies including BASF, Enel and Volkswagen met with the World Economic Forum annual meeting in Davos to talk about business ethics in minerals extraction for your output of batteries. As a result, the firms joined together to found the Global Battery Alliance, with Eurasian Resources Group being a founding member, directed at prohibiting the usage of child labour and promoting battery recycling to raise the sustainability from the industry.

The CEO of Eurasian Resources Group, Benedikt Sobotka reiterated the business’s commitment to help tackle child labour in the Democratic Republic with the Congo. He hopes that over the Alliance and collaboration between major companies, international organisations and civil society, the illegal involvement of youngsters in mining in the battery supply chain will probably be addressed.

Eurasian Resources Group supports children inside the DRC

Through longstanding partnerships including while using Good Shepherd Sisters and Pact, Eurasian Resources Group is targeted on helping tackle child labour and strengthen child protection norms.

In 2018 and early 2019, ERG continued to guide greater than 10,000 students through its educational initiatives inside DRC.

Benedikt Sobotka, CEO of Eurasian Resources Group, holds the global battery sector should confer benefits to its participants over the value chain including children and local communities in the DRC.

Semantic Paradoxes (Guest Speaker Michael McCourt, 11/06/13)

Michael McCourt, who’s a grad student in the Philosophy Department at UMD and studies logic and language, spoke about semantic paradoxes. He assumed the background that I gave in my lecture last week, available in this post (and the linked papers).

NOTES are below (thanks to Hannah Tsai). Last week’s post should help with context. Slideshow hopefully coming soon.

  • Semantic paradoxes
  • (A) Epimenides the Crete says that all Cretans are liars.
  • (A) is both true and false. This is bad.
    This is both self referential and assumes bivalence
  • (B) This sentence is not true
  •     Simple untruth liar, assume true or untrue instead of true or false
  •         Still self referential…
  • (A) and (B) are semantically defective.
  • (D) (D) is true.
  • Not a paradox, but it adds nothing.
  • Non-classic logic solution
  • Generates a need for non-classical logic that says the Law of Excluded middle doesn’t hold for all sentences (there are more than two possibilities) and that contradictions can be both true and false but the principle of explosion doesn’t hold (Once a contradiction has been asserted, any proposition (or its negation) can be inferred from it.)
  • Set theory solution
  • Russell’s set theoretic paradox is resolved by limiting a set’s members to its n-1 stage.
  • Tarski claims that the liar sentence isn’t a sentence by limiting applications of truth predicates to other languages. waht
  • Contextualist solution
  •     (B) is semantically defective, but some are true and not true. It all depends on context.
  •     Infinite sequence of sentences generating a paradox.